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English.Pressure-Cooker-Use History

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August 27, 2012, at 05:32 AM by 192.102.17.160 -
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In a pressure cooker the water reaches a higher temperature before boiling, and this higher temperature kills unwanted organisms more effectively and faster than normal cooking.
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Pressure cookers on Ebay:
to:
%newwin%[[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0000BYCFU?ie=UTF8&tag=fungifun-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B0000BYCFU|http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41J2WXVHVRL._SL500_AA280_.jpg]]
%newwin%[[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0000BYCFU?ie=UTF8&tag=fungifun-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B0000BYCFU|Presto 23-Quart Pressure Cooker/Canner]]


!!
Pressure cookers on Ebay:
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Pressure cookers on Ebay:
(:include English.EbayPC:)

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[[English/Contact | Pfpics:brief.gif]]
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!!!Rack or rivet
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!!!Rack or trivet
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# Put 1 inch of cold water in the PC. Some pressure cooker manuals will tell you to use more water. You need to use as much water, that by the end of the pressure cooking there is still some water left at the bottom of the pressure cooker. If you are unsure, you can test drive the pressure cooker without jars first to see the 1 inch of water will fulfill this requirement or not. Never run the pressure cooker dry! Place filled jars on the rack. Fasten PC lid securely.

# Leave weight off vent port or open petcock. Turn the heat on at a setting from 2/3 to the highest setting until steam flows from the petcock or vent port. You don't want the pressure cooker heat up too fast, since this can cause certain types of jars to break. Adjust the heat so that it takes around 15 minutes for the steam to begin to come out of the vent. The bigger the pressure cooker, and the more filled it is, the higher setting you can use.
to:
# Put 1 inch of cold water in the PC. Some pressure cooker manuals will tell you to use more water. You need to use as much water, that by the end of the pressure cooking there is still some water left at the bottom of the pressure cooker. If you are unsure, you can test drive the pressure cooker without jars first to see the 1 inch of water will fulfill this requirement or not. '''Never let the pressure cooker run dry!''' Place filled jars on the rack. Fasten PC lid securely.

# Leave weight off vent port or open petcock. Turn the heat on at a setting from '^2^'/'_3_' to the highest setting until steam flows from the petcock or vent port. You don't want the pressure cooker heat up too fast, since this can cause certain types of jars to break. Adjust the heat so that it takes around 15 minutes for the steam to begin to come out of the vent. The bigger the pressure cooker, and the more filled it is, the higher setting you can use.
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To see if your pressure cooker reaches the desired temperature, you can do a [[http://www.fungifun.org/pcooker/ | pressure cooker test]].
to:
To see if your pressure cooker reaches the desired temperature, you can do a [[http://www.fungifun.org/English/Pressure-Cooker-Test | pressure cooker test]].
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[[Pressure:rocker1.jpg|Pressure:rocker1_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:rocker2.jpg|Pressure:rocker2_thumb.jpg]] Pressure:mirro.jpg Pressure:hawkins.jpg
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[[Pressure:new1.jpg|Pressure:new1_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:new2.jpg|Pressure:new2_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:new3.jpg|Pressure:new3_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:new4.jpg|Pressure:new4_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:new5.jpg|Pressure:new5_thumb.jpg]] [[Pressure:new6.jpg|Pressure:new6_thumb.jpg]]
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Pressure:rack.jpg
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(:noautosections:)
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If you are preparing whole grains(rye, millet, birdssed...), you will now want to wait around 30 minutes and then take the hot jars out and shake them to distribute the wetter and drier kernels.
to:
If you are preparing whole grains(rye, millet, birdseed...), you will now want to wait around 30 minutes and then take the hot jars out and shake them to distribute the wetter and drier kernels.
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# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type [[<<]]- when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached '''or'''[[<<]]-when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock. '''or'''[[<<]]- when the valve comes up to the of second or third ( = last) ring.'''or'''[[<<]]- when the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial.
to:
# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type [[<<]]- when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached '''or'''[[<<]]- when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/rock '''or'''[[<<]]- when the valve comes up to the of second or third (last) ring '''or'''[[<<]]- when the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial.
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[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker1.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker1_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker2.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker2_thumb.jpg]] http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/mirro.jpg http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/hawkins.jpg
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[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new1.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new1_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new2.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new2_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new3.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new3_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new4.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new4_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new5.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new5_thumb.jpg]] [[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new6.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new6_thumb.jpg]]
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[[#types]]
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[[#types]]
There
are different ways of how a pressure cooker indicates and controls the operating pressure . 
to:
There are different ways of how a pressure cooker indicates and controls the operating pressure .
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http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/spring2.gif[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/spring.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/spring_thumb.jpg]][[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/spring3.jpg|http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/spring3_thumb.jpg]]
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# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type [[<<]]- when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached
when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock. '''or'''
when the valve comes up to the of second or third ( = last) ring.'''or'''
when the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial. '''or'''
to:

# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type [[<<]]- when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached '''or'''[[<<]]-when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock. '''or'''[[<<]]- when the valve comes up to the of second or third ( = last) ring.'''or'''[[<<]]- when the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial.
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# Put 1 inch of cold water in the PC. Some pressure cooker manuals will tell you to use more water. You need to use as much water, that by the end of the pressure cooking there is still some water left at the bottom of the pressure cooker. If you are unsure, you can test drive the pressure cooker without jars first to see the 1 inch of water will fulfill this requirement or not. Never run the pressure cooker dry!  
Place filled jars on the rack. Fasten PC lid securely.
to:
# Put 1 inch of cold water in the PC. Some pressure cooker manuals will tell you to use more water. You need to use as much water, that by the end of the pressure cooking there is still some water left at the bottom of the pressure cooker. If you are unsure, you can test drive the pressure cooker without jars first to see the 1 inch of water will fulfill this requirement or not. Never run the pressure cooker dry! Place filled jars on the rack. Fasten PC lid securely.
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# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type
 - when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached
 - when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock.
 - when
the valve comes up to the of second or third ( = last) ring.
 - when
the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial.
to:
# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type [[<<]]- when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached
when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock. '''or'''
when the valve comes up to
the of second or third ( = last) ring.'''or'''
when the steam is starting to get released from
the pressure setting dial. '''or'''
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# When timed processing is completed, turn off the heat, remove the PC from heat (if electric range), and let the PC de-pressurize at room temperature. (dial needle moves back to "0" or no steam escapes when weight is gently nudged). Do not force-cool the PC under water or force the steam out!. The depressurazation can take anywhere from 5-20 minutes, depending on the size of the pressure cooker and the amounts of the jars in it.
to:
# When timed processing is completed, turn off the heat, remove the PC from heat (if electric range), and let the PC de-pressurize at room temperature. (dial needle moves back to "0" or no steam escapes when weight is gently nudged). Do not force-cool the PC under water or force the steam out! The depressurazation can take anywhere from 5-20 minutes, depending on the size of the pressure cooker and the amounts of the jars in it.
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If you are preparing whole grains, you will now want to wait around 30 minutes and then take the hot jars out and shake them to distribute the wetter and drier kernels.
to:
If you are preparing whole grains(rye, millet, birdssed...), you will now want to wait around 30 minutes and then take the hot jars out and shake them to distribute the wetter and drier kernels.
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(:noautosections:)
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[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/#types | Pressure cooker types
 ]][[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/#stepbystep | Pressure cooking step by step]]
to:
[[#types | Pressure cooker types ]]
[[#stepbystep | Pressure cooking step by step]]

!!Pressure cooker types
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'''   ''''''Pressure gauge + pressure regulator weight (All American Pressure Canner)'''
to:
!!!Pressure gauge + pressure regulator weight (All American Pressure Canner)
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 A pin held by a spring is being forced out of the pressure cooker by the building pressure. The more the pin comes out, the higher the pressure in the PC. After a certain point is reached steam is released with a hissing sound.
 The working point of those types of pressure cookers should be just before the steam is starting to get released, this means once you see the steam being released, you turn the heat down a bit.
to:
A pin held by a spring is being forced out of the pressure cooker by the building pressure. The more the pin comes out, the higher the pressure in the PC. After a certain point is reached steam is released with a hissing sound.
The operating point of those types of pressure cookers should be just before the steam is starting to get released, this means once you see the steam being released, you turn the heat down a bit.
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If you are preparing PF jars it's best to leave them cool down in the pressure cooker over night.


to:
If you are preparing PF jars it's best to leave them cool down in the pressure cooker over night.
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(:title Pressure Cooker Use:)

(:table border=0 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=0 width=100% align=center:)
(:cell:)
Pfpics:shroom_zwerg1.gif

(:cell align=center:)
!Pressure Cooker Use
'-( updated: {$LastModified} )-'
'-dead link reports, comments and suggestions welcome any time-'
[[http://www.fungifun.org/contact.htm | Pfpics:brief.gif]]

(:cell:)
Pfpics:shroom_zwerg.gif
(:tableend:)


Pressure cookers and canner are important tools in mycological work. When used properly they guarantee the preparation of thoroughly sterilized mushroom growing substrates and tools.

This document should give some answers on the correct use of pressure cookers.

[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/#types | Pressure cooker types
 ]][[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/#stepbystep | Pressure cooking step by step]]

[[#types]]
There are different ways of how a pressure cooker indicates and controls the operating pressure .
'''  ''''''Pressure gauge + pressure regulator weight (All American Pressure Canner)'''

[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/ae_gauge.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/ae_gauge_thumb.jpg]]

The pressure regulator weight lets you select one of three pressure settings: 5, 10 and 15 PSI. You should select 15 PSI for mycological work. When the pressure cooker reaches the proper temperature, the pressure regulator weight will jiggle audibly, and you can see the steam being released. Additionally the pressure gauge will show that the pressure has been reached. It is normal that the pressure gauge shows 1-2 PSI less than what you selected on the pressure regulator weight To maintain the proper temperature adjust heat lower to maintain a slow, steady rocking motion.

!!!Pressure gauge + rocker (Presto Pressure Canner)

[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/presto.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/presto_thumb.jpg]]

When the pressure cooker reaches the proper temperature, the rocker will jiggle audibly, and you can see the steam being released. Adjust heat lower to maintain a slow, steady rocking motion.

!!!Rocker (Presto, Mirro, Hawkins....)

|| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2"
||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker1.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker1_thumb.jpg]] ||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker2.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rocker2_thumb.jpg]] ||
||http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/mirro.jpg ||http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/hawkins.jpg ||

This is essentially the same as the above, just that they donĀ“t have a pressure gauge. When the pressure cooker reaches the proper temperature, the rocker will jiggle audibly, and you can see the steam being released. Adjust heat lower to maintain a slow, steady rocking motion.
To see if your pressure cooker reaches the desired temperature, you can do a [[http://www.fungifun.org/pcooker/ | pressure cooker test]].

!!!Spring system (T-Fal...)

Many new pressure cookers utilize a spring system.
 A pin held by a spring is being forced out of the pressure cooker by the building pressure. The more the pin comes out, the higher the pressure in the PC. After a certain point is reached steam is released with a hissing sound.
 The working point of those types of pressure cookers should be just before the steam is starting to get released, this means once you see the steam being released, you turn the heat down a bit.

In some types you can see the pin coming out:

|| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" width="416"
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In some types you don't:

|| cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2"
||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new1.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new1_thumb.jpg]] ||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new2.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new2_thumb.jpg]] ||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new3.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new3_thumb.jpg]] ||
||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new4.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new4_thumb.jpg]] ||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new5.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new5_thumb.jpg]] ||[[http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new6.jpg | http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/new6_thumb.jpg]] ||

In each case, the working point of those types of pressure cookers should be just before the steam is starting to get released.

!!!Rack or rivet
Most pressure cookers come with a rack or trivet. Racks are made of aluminum of stainless steel. A rack keeps the jars from direct contact with the bottom of the pressure cooker. Some types of jars tend to crack if they are not on a rack.

http://www.fungifun.org/pressure_cooker_use/pics/rack.jpg

More on racks at [[http://missvickie.com/howto/cooking101/trivets.htm | All About Pressure Cooker Racks and Trivets]].

[[#stepbystep]]
!!Pressure cooking step by step

# Put 1 inch of cold water in the PC. Some pressure cooker manuals will tell you to use more water. You need to use as much water, that by the end of the pressure cooking there is still some water left at the bottom of the pressure cooker. If you are unsure, you can test drive the pressure cooker without jars first to see the 1 inch of water will fulfill this requirement or not. Never run the pressure cooker dry! 
Place filled jars on the rack. Fasten PC lid securely.
# Leave weight off vent port or open petcock. Turn the heat on at a setting from 2/3 to the highest setting until steam flows from the petcock or vent port. You don't want the pressure cooker heat up too fast, since this can cause certain types of jars to break. Adjust the heat so that it takes around 15 minutes for the steam to begin to come out of the vent. The bigger the pressure cooker, and the more filled it is, the higher setting you can use.
# Exhaust steam for 1 minute and then place weight on vent port or close petcock. The PC will pressurize during the next 5 to 15 minutes, depending on the size of the PC.(the bigger the PC, and the more jars are in it, the longer it will take).
# Start timing the process, depending on the pressure cooker type
 - when the pressure reading on the dial gauge indicates that the recommended pressure has been reached
 - when the weighted gauge begins to jiggle/ rock.
 - when the valve comes up to the of second or third ( = last) ring.
 - when the steam is starting to get released from the pressure setting dial.
# Adjust heat lower to maintain a slow, steady rocking motion, or the pressure indicator staying at the proper ring, or there is no steam coming from the pressure setting dial, depending on the pressure cooker type.
# When timed processing is completed, turn off the heat, remove the PC from heat (if electric range), and let the PC de-pressurize at room temperature. (dial needle moves back to "0" or no steam escapes when weight is gently nudged). Do not force-cool the PC under water or force the steam out!. The depressurazation can take anywhere from 5-20 minutes, depending on the size of the pressure cooker and the amounts of the jars in it.
# After the PC is depressurized, remove the weight from the vent port or open the petcock.
If you are preparing whole grains, you will now want to wait around 30 minutes and then take the hot jars out and shake them to distribute the wetter and drier kernels.
If you are preparing PF jars it's best to leave them cool down in the pressure cooker over night.


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Page last modified on October 03, 2017, at 02:46 AM